ant,结缘孔院 | 我已彻底爱上这儿,并刻不容缓地想回到我国,啊啊

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假如让我把这一整年在我国的阅历和所见所闻浓缩成一篇千字左右的文章是不现实的。

就像当我站在黄山的最高峰,鸟Sylinzi瞰远处山间瞬息万变的云海时,不知道该用哪些美丽生动的词汇来描绘自己的心境;

当我徒步旅游至超凡脱俗的张家界,那里层林布满,不知道用什么样的图片能表达这种安静、平和的感觉;

当我品味正宗川菜,即使是视频也无法精确描绘那种被辣椒辣得舌头麻痹而又古怪的享用。

尽管如此,我仍是会尽最大的尽力,为你叙述我眼中的我国。

 我与我国的美妙情缘




我叫Patrick Lee,是爱尔兰科克大学国际言语专业的大四学生。2017年9月,我取得孔子学院奖学金赴上海大学度过了两个学期的美好时光。

还记得在我16岁的时分,我曾跟从科克大学的一个项目去过一次上海。其时我和其他几名爱尔兰学生得到了在上海大学参与为期两周的我国言语和文明课程的绝佳时机。回想起来,这两周对我产生了巨大的影响,并让我当场决议,要再次回到上海。

关于要到我国住一年,我简直没有什么顾忌。首要,我很走运曾经去过那里一次,尽管时刻很短。此外,我与我国还有另一种更为独特的联络。




在我父亲25岁的时分,刚刚取得行医资历的他,决议去北京学习6个月的针灸。学成之后才回到家园爱尔兰。

在我生长的过程中,妈妈ant,结缘孔院 | 我已完全爱上这儿,并刻不容缓地想回到我国,啊啊通知我许多关于爱尔兰的故事和经典神话,而我的父亲则给我讲了一些我国的传统故事,例如:“年”的故事、嫦娥和后羿、孙悟空等。这也让我对父亲叙述的故事中那个奥秘而又奇特的国度产生了极大的热心和好奇心。

 抵达美丽的彩云之南

西方媒体描绘的我国,听起来一点也不像我父亲讲的那个当地。在这儿,我想和咱们共享我在我国的亲身阅历。

旅游是我一直以来最大的喜好。在我国学习的这一年里,我使用黄金周和周末,看望了北京、姑苏、南京、凤凰、成都、乐山和其他几个美丽的我国城市。

去过这些当地后,我对这个国家和公民有了不相同的感觉。这其间令我形象最深入的当地,则是云南。

上一年寒假,我和一个朋友从上海坐上了飞往云南丽江的飞机,开端了为期两周的旅游。一到那里,咱们就意识到咱们来到了与上海截然第二书包网紫色巨硕不同的城市。

这儿没有拼音标识,也没有人说英语,关于那里的许多人来说,咱们或许是他们在现实生活中见到的为数不多的外国人。




我在上海遇到的我国人都很友爱,但像大多数生活在大城市的人相同,他们总让人有一些距离感。但在云南,我遇到了我见过最仁慈的人。

当咱们向住在丽江饭馆的一位客人问询晚餐引荐时,他把咱们带到邻近的一家饭馆,点了美味佳肴并宴请了咱们。

当咱们出发去寻觅丽江古城邻近的黑龙潭时。亲热的路人不只通知咱们该怎样去,还一路陪着咱们,保证咱们不会走失。

尽管这一路咱们遇到的大多数人并不是特别赋有,但他们依然乐意与咱们共享他们所具有的东西,这一点也让我难以忘怀。




旅游完黑龙潭,咱们去了蓝月谷。我想我永久都不会忘掉那一刻所看到的画面。湛蓝的湖水顺着山涧流下,在我面前闪闪发光。咱们花了几个小时在美丽的山沟里徒步旅游,骑着牦牛过河,咱们还遇到了一对正在拍婚纱照的新人,并被约请一同合影。时至今日,蓝月谷仍是我所去过的最令人惊叹的当地,它也向我展现了我国特殊的天然美景。

当天晚上咱们坐上了开往大理的火车,持续咱们的旅游。火车车程要四小时。咱们在一个隔间里。假如是在欧洲,这个隔间仅能够包容4个人,但此刻现已有8个人挤在里边了,加上咱们总共10个人。前半个小时很安静,几个人睡着了,我正在看书。

过了一阵,坐在我对面的那个男人开端慢慢地把头靠向我,想看我的书,当我递给他时,他忽然大笑起来,用糟糕的英语问我有关这本书的事。

而当我用有点糟糕的中文答复时,整个车厢都活泼起来。人们开端争相跟我说话,问我来自哪里,到这儿做什么等等。

车厢里的人们来自各行各业,学生、农人、年轻人、老年人,他们都十分友爱。我与他们用中文聊了近4个小时,到目前为止,这都是我中文学习中最大的里程碑。我能够毫不惭愧地说,我为此而骄傲!

 深深爱上这个国度




像这样的故事还有许多,从这些故事中,我崔铁飞对我国和我国人有了新的知道。许多人对我国的政治、前史和文明都有自己的观点。然冬吴相对论为什么停播而,在这其间的许多人乃至或许从未踏足过这个国家。

我知道我对我国的观点或许看起来很单纯或有成见,但这依然不能改动我对它的酷爱。我在我国现已住了一年多了。也游历过许多城市,我见过许多的人。我已完全爱上匠者传奇了这个国家,并刻不容缓地想再回到这儿。

China through my eyes



It is simply impossible to condense an entire years worth of experiences into a one thousand word essay. No matter how vividly I describe what it felt like standing atop the highest peak of Huangshan 黄山, looking down at the distant mountain caps peaking above the sea of ever-shifting clouds, there is no way I can truly convey it with words. Nor is it possible with pictures to explain the serene sense of peace I experienced while hiking through the otherworldly national park of Zhangjiajie 张家界, where trees of stone and wood alike populate. Even videos cannot do ju主动铆钉机视频stice to tant,结缘孔院 | 我已完全爱上这儿,并刻不容缓地想回到我国,啊啊he sensation of eating an authentic Sichuan dish, the simultaneously terrifying yet bizarrely enjoyable numbing of your tongue by the regional pepper. Nevertheless, I will try my best to convey some of the experiences I had of China through my eyes.

01

My Peculiar Connections with China

By way of introduction, my name is Patrick Lee and I am a final year BA World Languages student in UCC. This August I returned from my year abroad, where I studied i逝世紫灵天使n Shanant,结缘孔院 | 我已完全爱上这儿,并刻不容缓地想回到我国,啊啊ghai University for two semesters. I had previously been to Shanghai once before when I was 16 years old in conjunction with a Transition Year programme organised by UCC. Myself and several other Irish stant,结缘孔院 | 我已完全爱上这儿,并刻不容缓地想回到我国,啊啊udents were given the amazing opportunity to attend Chinese language and culture classes for two weeks in Shanghai University. These two weeks had a huge impact on my life, deciding for me then and there that I was returning to Shanghai. And that is exactly what I did last year.

I had very little apprehension about moving to China for a year. Firstly, I had already been lucky enough to go there once before, albeit briefly. Moreover, I also ha紫色哒豚豚d another, perhaps more peculiar connection to China. When my father was 25 years old and a newly qualified doctor, he decided to move to Beijing for 6 months to learn acupuncture. Afterward, he returned home to Ireland and has remained there since. Growing up, I was told stories about Ireland by my mother, classic fairy tales by Disney, and storiesAinak o嗯啊不要哥哥f 年, of 嫦娥和后羿, of 孙悟空 and many more by my father. This left me with a great passion for and curiosity about the mysterious and magant,结缘孔院 | 我已完全爱上这儿,并刻不容缓地想回到我国,啊啊ical land from my father’s stories.

02

The Magical Land and its People


From the outside loant,结缘孔院 | 我已完全爱上这儿,并刻不容缓地想回到我国,啊啊oking in, China is not always shown in the best light by Western media. It sounded nothing like the place from my father’s stories. In this short text, I want to share how my own experiences turned out.

Travelling has been a life-long passion of mine. As far back as I can remember I’ve never been content to sit still in one place for too long, so I’ve learnt to always go for the opportunities to travel when they arise. During the academic year in China, I had a few such opportunities, particularly during Golden Week and the weekends. I used these to visit Beijing 北京, Suzhou 姑苏, Nanjing 南京, Fenghuang 凤凰, Chengdu 成都, Leshan 乐山 and several other gorgeous cities in China. These places really gave me a feel for the country and its people. However, during my time off between semesters in January and February, I spent two weeks in some of the most breathtaking and memorable places I’ve ever been in my life.

At the start of January, a friend and I flew from Shanghai 上海 to Lijiang 丽江 to begin our two week trip around the Yunnan Province. Almost immediately upon arrival, we realised that we had entered a very different part of China to Shanghai. Here there were no signs in Pinyin, absolutely nobody spoke English and to many people there, we were the first foreigners they had ever seen in real life. As a Westerner living in Shanghai, I had grown accustomed to the occasional few people staring at me. Howeverant,结缘孔院 | 我已完全爱上这儿,并刻不容缓地想回到我国,啊啊, I was completely unprepared for the reaction we received in Liji华润电力供货商门户ang.

The Chinese people I had met in Shanghai up to that point were friendly enough, but like most people who live in big cities, they kept a certain distance. Nothing but the opposite could be said for the Chinese people we met during our time in Yunnan 云南. They were yfn99some of the kindest people I’ve ever met. For example, when we asked a guest in the hotel we stayed in Lijiang for dinner recommendations, he brought us to a nearby restauran紫晶兰朵t, ordered dish after dish of amazing food and then refused to let us pay for it. All the while he asked us questions about our experiences in Shanghai and China. The next morning as we set out to find the famous Black Dragon Lagoon 黑龙潭near the Lijiang Old Town. We stopped a passing stranger on the street for directions who not only told us exactly how to get there, he also accompanied us for the journey to make sure that we didn’t get lost. I could go on and on about the kindness people showed us during this trip, but that would take up the entire essay. Suffice to say the majority of people we met were not particularly wealthy, yet they still offered to share what they had with us, something I will not be quick to forget.

After visiting the Oldtown and the picturesque Black Dragon Lagoon, we made our way up the mountains to Blue Moon Valley 蓝月谷. I don’t think I’ll ever forget the moment when our Didi pulled up to let us out and I looked out the window and saw the valley. The bluest water sparkled up at me as it cascaded down the mountain. We spent hours hiking up the gorgeous valley, crossing the stream on yaks, stumbling upon a wedding photo shoot and subsequently being asked to pose with the一个人来到田纳西 bride and groom. To动漫gv this day, Blue Moon Valley is the most breathtaking place I have ever been to and really showcased the extraordinary natural beauty of China to me, which is something that the country is perhaps not particularly well known for outside of China.

From there we caught a night train to Dali 大理, a mere four hours away. When we saw our seats we ha久昌快贷d to laugh. We were in a compartment which might be expected to house 4 people if we were in Europe, so naturally, there were already 8 people squeezed into it, and with us that made 10. The first half hour was silent enough, a few people slept, I was reading a book. At one point, the man sitting across from me started to slowly inch his head towards me until his hair was almost up my nose. He wanted to see my book and when I handed it to him he burst out laughing and asked me about it in broken English. When I replied in somewhat broken Chinese, it was as if the entire compartment had risen from the dead. They all started fighting to talk to me, asking me all about what I was doing in the middle of nowhere in Southern China and who I was and so on. The people were from all walks of life, students, farmers, young, old, yet all were incredibly friendly. One old man in particular refused to let me check my phone for translations, instead insisting on explaining to me any word I didn’t understand. The conversation lasted just shy of 4 hours and to date is the钱守成 biggest milestone I’ve come to with my Chinese, something I’m not ashamed to say I’m proud of!

03

Having Fallen in Love with China

There are so many stories I could mention which taught me new things about China or its people, or even stories which didn’t teach me anything at all, but merely reflect my experiences exploring the mysterious, magical land from my father’s stories. A great many people have very opinionated attitudes towards China, about its politics, its history, its culture. However, many of these people have never even set foot in the country. I know that my view of China may seem naive or biased, but that still doesn’t change it. I have lived in China for over one year. I have traveled the country. I have m阮忠元与黄家驹对对比et its people. This text describes China as I lived it through my own eyes. It is a country I have utterly an武川アイd completely fallen in love with, and I cannot wait to go back.


作者简介

Patrick Lee,爱尔兰科克大学World Languages 专业在读学生,曾取得孔子学院奖学金于2017年9月前往上海大学交流学习一年。



转载自美在高处

不知道雕哥查约咱们有没有这样感觉,当咱们阅览十九世纪欧洲绘画,举目所见的人体画多是女人:女神、夏娃、交际花、娼妓、沐泳或卧倚女子等,纷歧贤者之爱,谷智鑫,小香玉-雷竞技官网_雷竞技官网下载_雷竞技渠道而足。可是,裸男著作却很罕见有一种爱叫做甩手吉他谱。



究竟是为什么女人在裸体画中的份额远高于男性呢?又是哪些要素导致贤者之爱,谷智鑫,小香玉-雷竞技官网_雷竞技官网下载_雷竞技渠道男性裸体较为罕见呢?今日咱们就从美学、社会、性别等层面来看看这个问题萤火虫电光漆。




NO1

新古典画派的抱负美男人


首要,形成裸男图画由盛而衰的主因,是美学递变和前史画日渐式微所造成的。其实在十九世纪初期之前,西方艺术中的人体描绘,一贯以男性裸体的抱负美为标淮。


欧洲艺术学院从十六世纪建立以来,即奉古典美学为圭臬,因而前史画也被视为最上等的画类。在他们看来,男人的体魄和神态,最能表达人物的尊贵情趣。那时的前史画也多取材于古代前史、文学、圣经等,主要以恢宏的格式展现英豪、圣人、勇士等茅于轼事情始末教化人心的故事。



因而,学院画家须培育阅览经典和知性想像的才干,了解解剖医学,从描画古画和雕像中的男体开端,进阶到人体写生,杰罗姆皮纳谐和抱负与实在的人体,转化铺陈为雄伟叙事。


男性裸体艺术于十八世纪末至十九世纪初的新古典画派,达到了巅峰。大卫学美仕唐恩生古徐候的这幅《大卫的画室》,就让咱们看见了此画派的工作环境。


《大卫的画室》,1814年


静穆精约的室内,一中年男模特儿脱去衣鞋,像雕像般端坐在暖炉旁的方凳上,定睛望向窗外。日光投射在他巨大身躯上,木几支撑著四肢,墙上挂着辅佐固定姿势的备用绳子。画面左边有十来个师承大卫的年青学子,手持各式的画具,聚精会神在人体写生上。


其时的画家须描画一个至多个模特儿的面庞和肢体动态,赋予古典美的抱负形体,调配各式物件和布景,演绎经典故事的要害场景。


《拜访阿基里斯营帐的阿格曼侬使节团》,1801年


大卫的另花仙子养成专家一个学生安格尔,相同传承了描写男体的纯熟技巧,把握以人体表达杂乱叙事的诀窍。《拜访阿基里斯营帐的阿格曼侬使节团》是他取得 1801 年,罗马大奖的一举成名之作。


这一幕取自荷马的史诗《伊利亚德》,休战拨琴的阿基里斯和叉腰站立的佩特罗克勒斯,属秀美青年的精实体魄,筋骨柔韧颐长。希腊联军使节奥德修斯和大埃阿斯,则身形魁武,线条坚固。尽管此时阿基里斯回绝重返特洛伊战役,但全画绽放着壮盛的阳刚躯体,散发出英豪友情的熠熠光辉。




NO2

世风丕变中的前史画


学院体系维系着前史画中,男性裸体的崇高位置。可是到了1840年,学院威望逐步遭到现代艺术家的应战,前史画便失去了肯定优势,英豪式裸体也不再闪烁光辉。


咱们可从杰洛姆的《古希腊青年斗鸡》,看见前史画原有的雄壮庄重气势,转换为轻松密切的气味。此画在 1847 年官方沙龙露脸时,精深技法和生动的临场感深获好评。


《古希腊青年斗鸡》,1846年


斗鸡是古希腊的传统文娱,使用发情期的公鸡决战存亡,相啄的斗鸡和健美的少男是画面焦点。身穿薄纱的少女面露惧色,更烘托出少年转大人的雄性气魄。它秉承德拉洛许所创始的前史风俗画道路,选择和蔼可亲的古代日子体裁,透视旧时的日常风俗。


前史风俗画多用盈亮滑润的笔法,交融视觉魅力和浅显论题,勾起人们窥看前史轶事的趣味。它像是深入浅出的小品,抓取引人入胜的日子细节,缩短观众和前史的时空隔膜。



可是,其时的艺评也有对立声响,指出前史风俗画稀释了真实前史画的微观和洞见,使前史沦为浅薄表象和媚世文娱。历来尖锐直言的诗人波特莱尔,即批判杰洛姆过于匠气和做作,夸耀细密笔法和考古常识,但短缺深广的想像力。


波特莱尔建议想像力是浪漫主义美学的魂灵,也是现代艺术牵动听心之钥,这却是杰洛姆的前史风俗画所短少的质地,由于他通明如镜和资讯丰厚的画面,令人赞赏之余却并未启金梅瓶迪人心。



尽管前史风俗画将高蹈的前史下凡,但它并非杀伤前史画的强敌。真实削弱前史画实力的对手,其实是日益很多的bibijones现代创作者,关于学院根深柢固的画类阶层感到不满,所以抵挡前史画的文明霸权。


此外,中产阶层观众成为艺术资助和消费的主力,他们偏好k1272肖像、风俗画、风景画、静物等画类。针对此世风的改变,保守派人士喟叹中产阶层的前史文明修养缺乏,品尝庸俗又短视。开通派人士则怅然必定,视前史画的衰亡代表神权政治和君主专制的分裂。1867 年古典派大师安格尔去世,更敲响了历马哲有点甜史画的丧钟。




NO3

寻找现代美


十九世纪中期,古典美学的至高位置堕入危机,学院传承的抱负男体模范,也在现代艺术的开展趋狼国势下,显得不达时宜,无用武之地。


杜米埃的挖苦漫画《画派之争:抱负主义对立写实主义》即显现其时艺术潮流的壁垒分明。在此诙谐的禁断边际坚持局面中,垂垂老矣的古典主义画家,迎战短小精干的写实画家。


《画派之争:抱负主义对立写实主义》,1855年,石版画


老画家的样貌出自大卫的莎宾城女人,本来罗马国王贤者之爱,谷智鑫,小香玉-雷竞技官网_雷竞技官网下载_雷竞技渠道勇敢挺立的备战姿势,被戏弄成瘦弱松懈的老翁,鼓舞交锋。土里土气的写实派画家来势汹汹拓跋六修,让老画家的赤裸身躯显科琳卫浴得软弱诙谐。


写实主义倡议活在今世,拥抱天然和凡常,无疑冲击了古典主义的抱负美。波特莱尔在 1846 年沙龙谈论中,鼓舞艺术家用心调查市井小民的日子点滴,浮华世界的盛行事物,乃至从罪犯、情妇身上,去寻找现代的英豪气魄和美感。



他以为每个年代都有各自的美感,而一切的美皆包括永久和时间短双面,亦即肯定和共同双面。肯定和永久之美,是从不同个别萃取出来的笼统美;共同美则源自情感,如情人眼里出西施般。


波特莱尔也关心现代裸体画的走向:裸体,艺术家的至宝,功成名就的要素,在古代和现在皆非常常见和不可或缺,在床上、浴室、解剖剧场裡都有。古今裸体画的风格和主题也相同的丰厚,可是其时呈现了一个簇新的元素,那就是现代美。



这段话有两个值得注意的要点:一是,现代裸体画需求身体赤裸的合理情境,例如卧房、浴室、教育医院。旧日的裸体画来自文学戏曲传诵的人物人物,现在绘画没有文本根据,可是得符合日子常理。


二是,画家和所绘目标之间需有情感连接,才干传达现代人体的共同美感。所以,人体美脱离了古典的金科玉律,审美经历和情感要素是密不可分的。




NO4

观看裸体画的性别情绪


已然现代裸体画打开了新的视界、体裁、风格,可是为何男性裸体画依然不常见呢?这关乎性别差异在人体画中的效果。


在父权社会里,男性往往主导着艺术的制造、谈论、买卖和保藏,持久下来,异性恋男性的观看习气和喜爱遂成为干流价值观。当裸体画褪去前史、神话、宗教的外衣,它便倾向视觉愉悦、心思安慰和官孙耀奇能满意的功用。



英国作家 John Berger 在《观看的方法》写道,文艺复兴以降,裸女艺术的资助者和保藏者多是男人,他们是隐形的性主角,藉着欣赏和具有裸女画,证明自己是男人汉。


确实,裸女著作在十九世纪沙龙展览蔚为风潮,总是招引大批男人靠近围观。可是,这类情色图画却令女人观众感到为难不安。女人观看裸体著作的经历,不若男性自在,她们的视野规模遭到性别权利的规训。


《夏景(游水者)》,1869 年


在异性恋男性当道的视觉文明下,现代裸男画的发生动力和观看方法是什么?这变成一道特别需求赵德三在人体美感和情境规划方面,拿捏尺度得宜的课题。


巴齐耶所绘的《夏景(游水者)》是幅难得一见的男人游水群像,在 1870 年沙龙获选展出。巴齐耶和莫奈师承同一位学院画家格雷尔,具有人体写生的才干,并参照希腊雕像和文艺复兴艺术的典范。



为了体现年代特征,男人穿戴泳裤和长裤,各有不同表情、体魄和发型,交融抱负美和现代美;且布景按照巴齐耶家园蒙佩利尔的贤者之爱,谷智鑫,小香玉-雷竞技官网_雷竞技官网下载_雷竞技渠道雷兹河畔风景所绘,弥漫著前期印象派的亮堂光荣。


曩昔戏水图以裸女居多,群众关于女体融入大天然已习以为常。巴齐耶勇于打破常规,将八名男人的游水、摔角、日光浴等姿栗山龙态,立体活现在夏天的光影中。从远景拍浮的男童,到树下宽衣的成男,个个徘徊在南法温暖的空气贤者之爱,谷智鑫,小香玉-雷竞技官网_雷竞技官网下载_雷竞技渠道裡。



这世外桃源或许取自巴齐耶的幼年回想,或是他所想望的男性空间。全体构图组织有条有理,男人动作自我克制慎重,慎重防止任何放纵、逾矩、阴柔化的成分。要知贤者之爱,谷智鑫,小香玉-雷竞技官网_雷竞技官网下载_雷竞技渠道道,在其时恐同的社会风气下,裸男画需求扫除正面全裸,压抑同性情欲,躲藏干流社会确定的「误差」遥想,方能获选展现。


现在,当咱们审视「为何裸女画这么遍及,裸男著作却很罕见呢?」这个问题,自身也意味着 21 世纪初的性别认识和观看方法,变得愈加敞开多元。而咱们回望十九世纪的裸男画时,也会发现,男性在探究身体意象和建构自我认同方面,虽不常见,但从未缺席。



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